The majority of trade in Annex A taxa was captive-produced or artificially propagated with key commodities exported including plant seeds, live plants and live reptiles. The vast majority of Annex A trade was for commercial purposes. Trade in Annex A species reported as pre-Convention involved ivory and timber carvings. The following section provides details of ivory carvings as this commodity is predominately pre-Convention rather than captive-produced.
Commodities by group (re-)exported by EU Member States at quantities greater than 1000 units in 2014, ordered by quantity (as reported by (re-)exporters). Quantities have been rounded to whole numbers. Trade for scientific purposes (purpose ‘S’) is excluded.
|Group||Commodity||Quantity (re-)exported||Main source||Main purpose||No. taxa involved||Main taxa|
|[l]Plants||[l]seeds||[r]29 855||[l]A (89%)||[l]T (100%)||[r]22||[r][i]Ariocarpus retusus[/i] (29%)|
|[l]Plants||[l]live||[r]13 980||[l]A (95%)||[l]No purpose specified (56%)||[r]89||[r]Paphiopedilum spp. (Venus slipper orchid; 59%)|
|[l]Reptiles||[l]live||[r]11 702||[l]C (>99%)||[l]T (99%)||[r]18||[r][i]Testudo hermanni[/i] (Hermann’s tortoise; 87%)|
|[l]Birds||[l]live||[r]8959||[l]C (93%)||[l]T (95%)||[r]87||[r][i]Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae[/i] (Red-crowned parakeet; 23%)|
|[l]Mammals||[l]ivory carvings||[r]8 060||[l]O (95%)||[l]T (80%)||[r]3||[r][i]Loxodonta africana[/i] (African elephant; 71%)|
|[l]Reptiles||[l]leather products (small)||[r]4432||[l]D (99%)||[l]T (99%)||[r]5||[r][i]Crocodylus porosus[/i] (Salt water crocodile; 42%)|
|[l]Plants||[l]powder (kg)||[r]1869||[l]D (100%)||[l]T (100%)||[r]1||[r][i]Saussurea costus[/i] (Kuth; 100%)|
|[l]Mammals||[l]ivory carvings (kg)||[r]1 745||[l]O (100%)||[l]T (80%)||[r]3||[r][i]Loxodonta africana[/i] (African elephant; 100%)|
|[l]Reptiles||[l]skins||[r]1389||[l]D (95%)||[l]T (100%)||[r]4||[r][i]Crocodylus siamensis[/i] (Siamese crocodile; 83%)|
|[l]Timber||[l]carvings||[r]1144||[l]O (>99%)||[l]T (82%)||[r]2||[r][i]Dalbergia nigra[/i] (Brazilian rosewood; >99%)|
Over 8 000 ivory carvings (including trade reported as Elephantidae spp., Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus) were exported by the EU in 2014, the majority for commercial purposes (80%). Nearly all trade in ivory carvings was reported as pre-Convention (95%) with the remainder reported as unknown source, wild-sourced or no source was specified. Asia was the main region of destination of exports of ivory carvings (65%); China was the top individual destination country, accounting for 56% of exports.
The main EU (re-)exporter of ivory carvings was the United Kingdom (73%). More than 99% of ivory carvings were re-exports; the origin of most re-exports was reported as unknown (89%).
In addition to trade in ivory carvings reported in number of items, the (re-)export of 1745 kg of ivory carvings was also recorded, all of which was pre-Convention. Asia was the main region of destination of these exports (90%); with Japan and Vietnam principal destination markets (46% and 43% of all exports respectively).
A total of 8064 carvings of Loxodonta africana (African elephant), Elephas maximus (Asian elephant), and Elephantidae spp. (combined) were (re-)exported by the EU in 2014 representing a 28% decrease over the quantities re-exported in 2013.
Live reptiles were the only Annex A commodity (re-)exported at over 1 000 units by candidate countries. Candidate countries reported the export of 18 320 live reptiles in 2014, all of which were captive-bred for commercial purposes. Trade in Annex A live reptiles comprised Testudo graeca (Spur-thighed tortoise), T. hermanni (Hermann’s tortoise) and T. marginata (Marginated tortoise). FYR Macedonia was the main exporter of live reptiles (70%), one third of which were exported to Hong Kong, SAR.